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Salesforce Lightning Developer Roles & Responsibilities: The Ultimate Guide

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11 March, 2023

The importance of Salesforce Lightning cannot be undermined.

This modern user interface framework has revolutionized the way organizations interact with their customers. It has also driven significant changes for organizations such as:

  • Enhanced user experience, thanks to an intuitive and easy-to-use interface that boosts user productivity and satisfaction. The interface is designed to work seamlessly across different devices, including desktops, tablets, and smartphones.
  • Improved productivity as users are able to work faster and smarter by leveraging features such as customizable dashboards, intelligent workflows, and streamlined navigation. This means more time on revenue-generating activities (as opposed to administrative tasks).
  • Scalability as the framework can handle large volumes of data and can be customized to meet the specific needs of a business, allowing it to grow easily.
  • Integration with other business systems, such as ERP, HR, and finance, empowers businesses to gain a holistic view of their operations. This also helps organizations make informed decisions and improve their overall performance.
  • Innovation and the ability to constantly evolve, with new features and functionalities being added regularly. The end result? Businesses are always up-to-date with the latest technology, giving them a competitive edge in the market.

The moral of the story? Salesforce Lightning is important in the industry.

It empowers organizations with a powerful tool to manage customer relationships, streamline operations, and enhance productivity, scalability, integration, and innovation.

Consequently, businesses are able to succeed in a rapidly changing market.

If recruiters want to provide organizations with these advantages, hiring the right talent is paramount. Which is why, iMocha, a robust platform to hire a great Salesforce system admin or quality candidate for any other Salesforce-related job role, created a specialised library for Salesforce – with questions varying for experience and difficulty level.


The Pivotal Role of Salesforce Lightning Developers in Organizations

Let's now look at the Salesforce Lightning developer roles and responsibilities, starting with the roles first.

A Salesforce Lightning Developer is responsible for designing, developing, and customizing applications, solutions, and features using Salesforce Lightning technology.

As a result, Salesforce Lightning Developer roles require technical expertise, creativity, and knowledge of software development methodologies.

Here are the various key roles of a Salesforce Lightning Developer:

  • Developing custom components: Salesforce Lightning Developers build custom components that can be used across multiple applications, such as custom pages, interfaces, and dashboards. These components leverage Lightning Web Components, which allow for faster development and increased scalability.
  • Designing and developing Salesforce applications using Lightning App Builder: They will be responsible for designing and developing Salesforce applications using the Lightning App Builder tool. This includes creating and customizing app pages, lightning pages, and custom components.
  • Creating integrations: They must create integrations between different systems, platforms, and applications using Salesforce's API. This involves writing custom code in Apex and working with web services such as REST and SOAP.
  • Developing Lightning Communities and Salesforce portals: They will also be responsible for developing and customizing Salesforce Communities and portals using Lightning components so that customers and partners can access Salesforce data and collaborate with the organization.
  • Customizing Salesforce CRM: Salesforce Lightning Developers should be able to customize the Salesforce CRM to meet specific business requirements. This includes developing custom objects, fields, and workflows, as well as configuring user interfaces and permissions.
  • Collaborating with teams: Another core role of a Salesforce Lightning Developer is to work closely with other teams, including product managers, designers, and other developers, to ensure successful project delivery. They also need to collaborate with Salesforce administrators to deploy and maintain applications.
  • Migrating from Classic to Lightning: Salesforce Lightning developers are responsible for migrating existing Salesforce applications and data from the Classic interface to the Lightning Experience.
  • Implementing Salesforce solutions using Apex and Visualforce: Developers will also be responsible for implementing Salesforce solutions using Apex code and Visualforce pages, which are used to customize the Salesforce user interface and automate business processes.
  • Implementing best practices: Finally, Salesforce Lightning Developers must follow best practices and standards for Salesforce development, including coding guidelines, version control, and testing methodologies. They also stay up-to-date with the latest trends and advancements in Salesforce technology.


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Salesforce Lightning Developer Responsibilities

Let's deep-dive to understand the important Salesforce Lightning developer responsibilities:

  • Gathering requirements: Collaborating with stakeholders to gather business requirements and identify user needs for Salesforce projects. This involves understanding the business processes, workflows, and data models to design and develop solutions that meet those needs.
  • Designing and developing solutions: Creating custom Lightning components, Apex classes, Visualforce pages, and integrations to extend the functionality of Salesforce. This includes developing new features, enhancing existing ones, and optimizing performance.
  • Providing technical guidance and support: Providing technical expertise and guidance to stakeholders and team members, including other developers, admins, and business analysts. This involves answering questions, providing training, and troubleshooting issues.
  • Ensuring scalability and maintainability: Designing solutions that are scalable and maintainable, considering factors such as performance, security, and usability. This includes adhering to coding best practices and maintaining high-quality code.
  • Debugging and troubleshooting: Identifying and fixing issues in Salesforce applications, such as bugs, errors, and performance problems. This involves using debugging tools, reviewing logs, and testing solutions.
  • Staying up-to-date: Keeping up-to-date with Salesforce Lightning and related technologies, including updates to the platform, new features, and industry best practices. This involves attending conferences, reading blogs and forums, and participating in online communities.

Required Skills and Qualifications to Become Salesforce Lightning Developer

Now that we have looked at the important Salesforce lightning developer roles and responsibilities let's understand some of the key skills required for Salesforce Lightning Developers.

Salesforce Lightning Developers require a specific set of technical and soft skills as well as knowledge to build high-quality applications on the Salesforce platform.

Some of the key technical and soft skills required for Salesforce Lightning Developers include:

  • Salesforce Platform Knowledge: A strong understanding of the Salesforce platform and its core features is essential for developing applications in Lightning.
  • Lightning Web Components: Lightning Web Components (LWC) is the preferred framework for building Lightning applications, and developers should be familiar with LWC syntax and best practices.
  • Apex Programming: Apex is the server-side programming language used on the Salesforce platform, and developers should have a good understanding of Apex syntax and best practices.
  • Visualforce: While Lightning Web Components is the future of Lightning development, Visualforce is still widely used on the Salesforce platform. Developers should be able to work with Visualforce pages and components.
  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript: Lightning Web Components use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, so developers should have a strong understanding of these technologies.
  • REST and SOAP APIs: Salesforce provides REST and SOAP APIs to access its platform and data. Developers should be familiar with these APIs and how to integrate with them.
  • Integration: Salesforce applications often need to integrate with other systems, such as ERPs or marketing automation platforms. Developers should be familiar with integration techniques and technologies.
  • Unit Testing: Salesforce requires developers to write unit tests for their code to ensure quality and avoid regressions. Developers should be comfortable writing unit tests.
  • Agile Development: Agile development methodologies, such as Scrum, are commonly used in Salesforce development projects. Developers should be familiar with agile principles and practices.
  • Knowledge of software development methodologies: Salesforce Lightning Developers should be familiar with agile methodologies and have experience with version control systems such as Git.

These are just some of the technical skills required for Salesforce Lightning Developers. To be successful in this role, developers should also have:

  • Strong problem-solving skills: Salesforce Lightning Developers should be able to troubleshoot and resolve technical issues quickly and effectively.
  • Good attention to detail: Salesforce Lightning Developers must have excellent attention to detail and be able to write clean, concise, and well-documented code.
  • Excellent communication skills: Salesforce Lightning Developers must be able to communicate effectively with other developers, product managers, and business stakeholders. Plus, they should be able to work well in a team.
  • Aptitude and willingness to learn: Finally, the Salesforce developer should be committed to ongoing learning and development to excel at their job.

The takeaway: Salesforce Lightning Developer roles require technical expertise, problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and strong communication skills.

These professionals play a critical role in designing, developing, and customizing applications and solutions within the Salesforce ecosystem.


Salesforce Lightning Developer: Job Outlook and Salary

Salesforce Lightning Developer is a highly sought-after position in the IT industry.

The role of a Salesforce Lightning Developer involves designing and developing customized solutions using the Salesforce Lightning platform to meet the needs of their clients.

Job Outlook:

The job outlook for Salesforce Lightning Developers is positive, with a new study indicating that "the Salesforce and its ecosystem of partners will create 9.3 million new jobs and $1.6 trillion in new business revenues worldwide by 2026."

The reasons for this skyrocketing demand are:

  • Increased demand for Salesforce developers as more businesses are adopting the Salesforce platform to manage their customer relationship management (CRM) activities
  • Increased investment by Salesforce into the Lightning platform, which is expected to lead to increased demand for Lightning developers

Salary Outlook:

  • According to PayScale, the average salary for a Salesforce Lightning Developer in the United States is around $91,217 per year. However, salaries can vary based on factors such as location, experience, certifications, and the size of the organization.
  • Salesforce Lightning Developers with more experience and certifications can earn significantly higher salaries, with some earning upwards of $130,000 per year.

Overall, the job outlook for Salesforce Lightning Developers is positive, with strong demand and competitive salaries.


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How Recruiters Can Find the Right Salesforce Lightning Developer

Recruiters can follow these steps to find the right Salesforce Lightning Developer:

  • Define the job description: Recruiters should start by defining the job description with the required qualifications, skills, and experience for the Salesforce Lightning Developer position.
  • Use online job boards: They can also post job openings on online job boards such as Indeed, LinkedIn, Glassdoor, and Monster. These platforms will allow recruiters to reach a wider audience and find candidates with the right skills.
  • Look for certifications: Salesforce Lightning Developers should have certifications such as the Salesforce Certified Platform Developer I and II, Salesforce Certified Administrator, and Salesforce Certified App Builder. Hiring managers must look for candidates with these certifications on their resumes.
  • Search for experience: Another important task is to look for candidates with experience in developing Salesforce Lightning components, building custom applications, and integrating Salesforce with other systems.
  • Check for soft skills: In addition to technical skills, recruiters should look for soft skills such as communication, problem-solving, teamwork, and adaptability. These skills are important for a successful collaboration with the team and the organization.
  • Conduct technical assessments: Recruiters can conduct technical assessments to evaluate the candidate's skills in Salesforce Lightning development. These assessments can include coding challenges, practical projects, and theoretical questions.
  • Conduct interviews: Finally, recruiters must conduct interviews to get a better understanding of the candidate's experience, skills, and cultural fit. They should also ask open-ended questions that focus on the candidate's past projects, problem-solving skills, and work style.

By following these steps, recruiters can find the right Salesforce Lightning Developer who can bring value to the organization.


How to Assess and Evaluate Salesforce Lightning Developers

Salesforce Lightning developers can be assessed and evaluated through a variety of methods, including technical assessments, code reviews, project experience, and soft skills evaluations.

Here are some specific steps recruiters can take:

  • Technical assessments: They should conduct a technical assessment to evaluate a developer's skills and knowledge in Salesforce Lightning. This can include coding exercises, multiple-choice questions, and hands-on tasks.
  • Code reviews: Another effective strategy is to review the developer's code to assess their coding style, adherence to best practices, and overall quality of their work. This can help identify areas where the developer may need additional training or support.
  • Project experience: Recruiters must also ask the developer about their previous project experience with Salesforce Lightning. This can help them to evaluate the level of expertise and the candidate's ability to work on projects of different sizes and complexities.
  • Soft skills evaluation: Hiring managers must evaluate the developer's soft skills, such as communication, teamwork, and problem-solving abilities. These skills are just as important as technical skills, as they can impact the success of the project and the developer's ability to work with others.
  • References: Finally, hiring managers must check the developer's references to gain insight into their work style, reliability, and ability to meet deadlines.

The takeaway: When assessing and evaluating Salesforce Lightning developers, it's important to:

  • Consider both technical and soft skills
  • Look for developers who have a strong understanding of Salesforce Lightning and can work in a team effectively
  • Prioritize developers who are willing to learn and grow as Salesforce Lightning is constantly evolving
  • Look for developers who are up-to-date with the latest developments

Here's a complete user guide on how to hire Salesforce developers.

Use iMocha's Salesforce Online Test and Reduce Screening Time by 80%

In addition to a recruiter's formidable intuition, they need 'intelligent tools' and the power of automation to assess the skills of Salesforce lightning developers.

This is where iMocha can help recruiters analyze the most important aspects of Salesforce Lightning developers' roles and responsibilities.

Here's how recruiters can leverage iMocha's Salesforce Online Test and evaluate a candidate's knowledge and skills related to Salesforce accurately:

Step 1: Understand the job requirements

Before using iMocha's Salesforce Online Test, hiring managers should have a clear understanding of the job requirements and the skills that are necessary for the job.

This will help them select the right test from iMocha's library and evaluate the candidates' performance more accurately. 

Step 2: Create a test

Using iMocha's Salesforce Online Test, recruiters can create a test that includes questions related to the job requirements. They can choose from a wide range of questions available in the iMocha library or create their own questions.

Step 3: Invite candidates

Once the test is created, invite candidates to take the test. Hiring managers can easily send the test link via email or other communication channels.

Step 4: Set a time limit

The next step is to set a time limit for the test to ensure that candidates complete the test within a specific time frame. 

Step 5: Evaluate the results

Once candidates complete the test, iMocha will automatically evaluate their performance and provide a score. Recruiters can then review the scores and determine which candidates meet the job requirements.

Step 6: Conduct further evaluation

To conduct further evaluation, recruiters can drive interviews and practical assessments to assess the candidate's overall suitability for the job.

All in all, iMocha's skill assessment tests not only help recruiters to hire candidates for Salesforce jobs but for all related job roles as well.

Browse through iMocha's Skills Test Library and hire for all Salesforce positions and related job roles - from a centralized platform.



What is a Salesforce Lightning developer?

A Salesforce Lightning developer is a professional who specializes in developing custom applications using the Salesforce Lightning platform, which includes tools and technologies to create dynamic, responsive, and interactive user interfaces.

How to source, assess and hire a Salesforce Lightning developer?

To source and hire Salesforce Lightning developers, recruiters can:

  • Post a job description: Draft a clear and concise job description that highlights the required skills, experience, and responsibilities of the role.
  • Advertise the job: Share the job description on relevant job portals, social media platforms, and LinkedIn.
  • Reach out to recruiting agencies: Recruiters can also consider partnering with recruiting agencies that specialize in Salesforce staffing.
  • Evaluate resumes and applications: Review resumes and applications to shortlist candidates who meet the job requirements.
  • Conduct technical screening: Technical screening can be done in several ways, such as through a phone or video interview, a coding challenge, or a technical project.
  • Conduct behavioral interviews: Assess the candidate's communication, collaboration, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills through behavioral interviews.
  • Check references: Validate the candidate's work history and performance by checking their references.
  • Offer a fair compensation package: Make an offer that is commensurate with the candidate's experience, skills, and market rate.

What are the skills required for a Salesforce Lightning developer?

To become a successful Salesforce Lightning developer, candidates must possess the following skills:

  • Salesforce platform knowledge and a deep understanding of Salesforce, including its architecture, data model, security model, and customization options
  • Proficiency in developing Lightning components, such as Lightning Web Components, Aura components, and Lightning Experience
  • Skilled in developing Apex code for Salesforce, such as Apex triggers, Apex classes, and Visualforce pages
  • Familiarity with integrating Salesforce with other systems, such as REST and SOAP APIs
  • Proficiency in using JavaScript frameworks, such as React, Angular, or Vue, to build web applications
  • Skilled in testing and debugging Salesforce code to ensure high-quality and bug-free solutions
  • Excellent communication and collaboration skills to work effectively with cross-functional teams

What are the key Salesforce Lightning developer roles and responsibilities?

The key Salesforce lightning developer roles and responsibilities include:

  • Developing and customizing Lightning components using Aura or Lightning Web Components (LWC)
  • Writing Apex code for custom business logic and database operations
  • Integrating Salesforce with other systems using REST and SOAP APIs
  • Implementing Salesforce security and access controls for data protection
  • Creating and customizing Salesforce Lightning pages and user interfaces using Lightning App Builder and Visualforce
  • Testing and debugging Salesforce code to ensure high-quality and bug-free solutions
  • Collaborating with cross-functional teams, such as designers, product managers, and other developers, to deliver Salesforce solutions that meet business needs

What are the benefits of using Salesforce Lightning?

Salesforce Lightning provides several benefits, including faster performance, a modern user interface, an improved mobile experience, and easier customization and development using Lightning components and frameworks.


What are some best practices for Salesforce Lightning development?

Some best practices for Salesforce Lightning development include:

  • Designing reusable components
  • Optimizing performance by minimizing the number of server calls
  • Using standard Salesforce features and functions wherever possible
  • Adhering to the Salesforce security model
  • Leveraging Salesforce DX for continuous integration and delivery


Assess any skill, we mean it! Learn how you can create custom assessments with iMocha and check your candidate's domain, functional and cognitive skills – all using one assessment.


Ankita Kharwal
Ankita Kharwal
Content writer by day and fickle reader by night. Ankita is a creative individual who is passionate about writing and enjoys finding new and interesting ways to engage with the audience. She is writing to support iMocha in its efforts to educate people all around the world about Talent Acquisition and Talent Development. When she is not writing, she is probably spending time with her family, reading a good book, or exploring the great outdoors.

Topics: Tech Recruitment

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